CHAPTER 5: The Universe, Earth, Natural Spheres, and Gaia


Allaby, A. and M. Allaby. (Editors). 1999. Dictionary of Earth Sciences. 2nd Edition. Oxford University press, London. (Excellent dictionary of more than 6,000 earth science terms many of which are used in physical geography - browse/buy from or

Allegre, C.J., and S.H. Schneider 1994. The evolution of the Earth. Scientific American Oct.: 66-75.

Bucher, M.A. and D.N. Spergel. 1999. Inflation in a low-density Universe. Scientific American Jan.: 62-69.

Chown, M. 1994. Birth of the universe. Inside Science 69. New Scientist Feb. 26.

Croswell, K. 1997. Cosmic cannibals. New Scientist July 12: 28-32.

Davies, P. 1996. The day time began. New Scientist April 27: 30-35.

Henbest, N. 1990. Rocky dwarfs and gassy giants. Inside Science 30. New Scientist Feb. 10.

Joseph, Lawrence E. 1990. Gaia : The Growth of an Idea. St. Martin's Press, New York.

Hogan, CJ 1996. Primordial deuterium and the Big Bang. Scientific American Dec.: 68-73.

Hogan, CJ, R.P. Kirshner, and N.B. Suntzeff. 1999. Surveying space-time with supernovae. Scientific American Jan.: 46-51.

Kaku, M. 1997. Into the eleventh dimension. New Scientist Jan 18: 32-36.

Kasting, J.F. 1993. Earth's early atmosphere. Science 259: 920-926.

Krauss, L.M. 1999. Cosmological antigravity. Scientific American Jan.: 53-59.

Lovelock, J.E. 1988. The Ages of Gaia : A Biography of Our Living Earth. Norton, New York.

Lovelock, J.E. 1979. Gaia, a New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Macchetto, F.D., and M. Dickinson. 1997. Galaxies in the young Universe. Scientific American May: 92-99.

Margulis, Lynn, and L. Olendzenski. 1992. Environmental Evolution : Effects of the Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Matthews, R. 1997. Beyond space and time. New Scientist May 17: 38-42.

Orgel, L.E. 1994. The origin of life on the Earth. Scientific American Oct.: 77-83.

Parker, S.P. (Editor). 2003. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Earth Science. Second Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York. (Excellent dictionary of more than 10,000 earth science terms many of which are used in physical geography - browse/buy from or

Peebles, P.J.E., D.N. Schramm, E.L. Turner, and R.G. Kron. 1994. The evolution of the universe. Scientific American Oct.: 53-57.

Press, F., and R. Siever. 1986. Earth. W.H. Freeman, New York.

Rambler, M. B., L. Margulis and F. Reni. 1988. Global Ecology : Towards a Science of the Biosphere. Academic Press, Boston.

Van Andel, J. H. 1994. New Views on an Old Planet: A History of Global Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Walker, G. 1997. God's firecrackers. New Scientist May 31: 28-32.

Whitlow, J.B. 2001. The Penguin Dictionary of Physical Geography. Second Edition. Penguin, Harmondsworth. (Must have reference for those wanting to learn physical geography terms - browse/buy from or






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05/25/2009 9:47