Glossary of Terms: K
- A steep conical hill composed of glaciofluvial sediments.
This feature develops when glacial crevasses and
depressions in stagnant glacial ice are filled with
sand and gravel deposits from sediment loaded meltwater.
- Kame Terrace
- A long flat ridge composed of glaciofluvial sediment.
This feature forms along the margin of a valley
glacier where the glacial ice meets the valley's
slope. Sediment is deposited by laterally flowing meltwater streams.
- A type of clay that
is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions.
It is produced from the weathering of granite.
- Landform type with limestone bedrock and
dominated by geomorphic features created from solution chemical
- Any wind blowing
down the slope of a mountain.
- Kelvin Scale
- Scale for measuring temperature.
In this scale, absolute
zero is 0 Kelvins, water boils at 373.15
Kelvins and freezes at 273.15 Kelvins.
- Kettle Hole
- Depression found in glacial deposits.
Created when a piece of ice from a retreating glacier becomes embedded in soft glacial till or glacial
drift deposits. Many are filled with
water to form a small lake or
- Kettle Moraine
- An area of glaciofluvial influenced moraine deposits
pitted with kames and kettle holes.
- Species that interacts with a large number
of other species in a community. Because of
the interactions, the removal of this species
can cause widespread changes to community structure.
Compare with immigrant
species, and native
- Kilocalorie (Kcal)
- Unit of energy equal to 1,000 calories.
- Kilopascal (kPa)
- A unit measurements for quantifying force.
Used to measure atmospheric pressure.
Equivalent to 10,000 dynes per
- Kilowatt (kW)
- Unit of electrical power equal to 1,000 Watts.
- Kinetic Energy
- The energy due
- Top most level of the common system used
to classify life. Generally, five kingdoms
are recognized: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Animalia,
- This law suggests that good emitters of radiation are
also good absorbers of radiation at specific electromagnetic
radiation wavelength bands. It also
suggests that poor emitters of radiation are
also poor absorbers of radiation at specific
- Knickpoint (British
- See nickpoint.
- System that uses monthly precipitation and temperature data
and total annual precipitation data to classify
a location's climate into one of five main
categories: Tropical Moist Climates; Dry Climates;
Moist Mid-latitude Climates with Mild Winters;
Moist Mid-Latitude Climates with Cold Winters;
and Polar Climates. These categories are further
divided into number of subcategories. First
developed in 1918 by German biologist W. Köppen,
this system has undergone a number of modifications.
Species (Logistic Strategy)
- Long-lived species that produces only a few,
often fairly large progeny. Also see r-selected
M. (2006). "Glossary of Terms: K". Fundamentals of Physical Geography,
2nd Edition. Date